Advanced cancer treatment techniques might have made it possible to cure cancer in childhood but they surely can’t forestall the onset of GI complications after puberty in these cases. For instance, the radiotherapy sessions might cause inflammation in the intestine and acute toxicities in the abdomen. Even the chemotherapy medications used in childhood cancer patients might give way to the symptoms of acute GI toxicities like nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and constipation. The cancerous conditions that bear the likelihood of giving way to these GI complications to the max are lymphoma, Wilma tumor, neuroblastoma, and bone related tumors.
Premature birth or low weight at birth could be an etiological factor for anxiety and mood disorders during adolescence. A plausible cause that has been suggested by researchers for this finding is that the brain handles the trauma of premature birth as stress. Awareness in this regard can surely help the parents in tackling the upcoming mood swings or problems in a better way. One of the most assuring medicinal remedy that has been suggested for compromised mental state is of psychological therapy.
While baseball caps are known for exposing ears to sun’s inordinate UV rays, open-window driving exposes the skin of the forearm to the sun damage. Melanoma is a cancerous condition that is triggered by excessive exposure of the skin to sun. Though the benign state of this condition is curable, the advanced stages might lead to deteriorated health conditions. Nevertheless, the chances of setting in of melanoma can be reduced by applying sunscreens with an SPF of 15 or more (depending on the climatic conditions) and avoiding exposure to sun’s rays from 10am to 3pm.
Studies performed on arthritis and psoriasis patients reveal that anti-rheumatic drugs are capable of majorly lowering the risk of diabetes. These drugs trigger the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors and therefore improve the metabolism of insulin and glucose in the body. This finding can primarily help the individuals with a family background of diabetes mellitus. Anti-rheumatic medications have been suggested as a part of preventive therapy for diabetes prone individuals by many scientists.
According to a study performed by Australian researchers, administration of human papillomavirus (HPV) can majorly reduce the extent of cervical abnormalities. These researchers performed a HPV vaccination study on females aged between 12-26 years and observed that there was a marked decline in cervical abnormalities in the younger age (17 years) group girls. In the older age groups minimal alteration in the existence of cervical abnormalities was noticed. Cervical abnormalities reacted well to the high-risk (HPV 16 and 18) as well as the low-risk strains (HPV 6 and 11).
Though titanium dental implants were discovered many decades ago a need for improvement in its healing time for improving the acceptance of this treatment in the society was always felt. After an intensive research performed on dental implants at nano level, it was concluded that by changing the conductivity of the oxides that are used for coating the surface of implant, the healing time of implants can be cut off to a major extent. Also, the expansion of the active area of the implant’s surface that stays in contact with bone tremendously increases the deposition of bone-forming minerals.
Immune system of human body is majorly dependent on “helper” T cells for its proper functioning. PDI (protein disulfide isomerase) is an essential enzyme that is responsible for the optimal functioning of T cells especially in the patients who suffer with AIDS. PDI enzymes alter the outer protein envelope of HIV and therefore enhance its interaction with CD4 molecule on the surface of “helper” T cells. Galectin-9 is a carbohydrate-binding protein that cancels the action of PDI enzymes by trapping them thereby making the cells susceptible to the invasive action of HIV.
Seizures pose as a major risk to the safety asset of developing foetus. Nevertheless, the babies of expectant mothers who are epileptic are susceptible to birth defects like cleft palate, abnormal skull development, and malformed limbs even when seizures are under control. While a higher rate of malformations were found in the babies of women who consumed anti-epileptic drugs during pregnancy, the drugs also found to be inducing the risk of pre-eclampsia (pregnancy-induced hypertension) in the pregnant women.
Expectant mothers who sleep on their right side carry a higher risk of stillbirth than the women who sleep on their left side. According to the researchers from the University of Auckland, sleeping positions play a crucial role in the last trimester and more precisely in the days close to the expected time of delivery. Researchers believe that sleeping on the right side restricts the flow of blood to the foetal sac and therefore increments the chances of a stillbirth. Some other factors that can be related with stillbirth are age, insomnia, smoking status and BMI.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a rare but debilitating nerve disease. The recent studies performed on the epidemiology of this disease revealed that fact that people who were mildly obese were less prone to developing this disease than the people who were of normal weight. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) causes tremendous loss of weight in the afflicted individuals and therefore leads to the lowering of overall Body Mass Index. This metabolic alteration is duly compensated by the marginally high BMI of afflicted individuals.